INCI Name: Jasmine grandiflorum flower extract oil
Disclaimer: The following information is provided by Khush Ingredients as a summary of information from manufacturers. All information is provided without warrant or liability.
Jasmine is a widely spread plant, cultivated across Northern Africa and South Asia, where it is important as a national flower and in religious rituals. It was first imported to Europe in the 16th century, and has been used in personal care, aromatherapy, and to create green accords and floral notes in fragrances.
There are two main types of Jasmine, the sweeter Jasmine Grandiflorum, which this specification relates to, and Jasmine Sambac, a more unusual, spicier absolute available by special request.
Jasmine flowers are gathered, usually by hand, but are too temperature sensitive to be successfully be steam distilled. As such the essential oil is extracted using a solvent, normally hexane, which produces a concrete. The concrete is then converted into the absolute oil.
For those unsure, a concrete is the waxy solid produced when the petals are immersed in the solvent, like hexane, which brings out the oily and waxy components from the biomass. The absolute is produced by gently heating the concrete with alcohol to recover the solvent and leave an intense oil known as the absolute.
Due to the volatility in availability of the flowers, Khush Ingredients maintains two producers of Jasmine Absolute, one in India, where harvests tend to start in June each year, and one in Egypt where harvests begin in August.
We would not like to express a preference for either source. The output from both are beautiful grades of Jasmine oil that do not disappoint. Our customers usually have a preference for one or the other, but in reality, we tend to purchase from the growing region based upon the best current value. Khush does not change it’s sources, when we but Indian it is from the same production site and when we buy Egyptian, it is from our partner International Aromatics in Alexandria.
We have also just introduced an organic jasmine grandiflorum absolute from a different producer in Egypt, This is subject to a different specification sheet in the Organics section.
Whilst we sea freight from sources just after harvest time, we support that with air freight as the cost of air freight is relatively small in comparison with freight costs.
It is produced from the solvent extraction of the flowers of Jasminum grandiflorum.
Appearance: Yellow-brown liquid
Odour: Strong jasmine smell
Relative Density @ 25◦C: 0.929 to 0.975
Refractive Index @ 20◦C: 1.480 to 1.516
Solubility: Insoluble in water, soluble in ethanol
Flash Point: 79◦C typical: Composition is variable batch to batch so is shipped as flammable but Flash point can vary between 58 and 90 ºC
REACH STATUS: Khush Ingredients import material at below 1000kg per annum.
CAS No. 91770-14-8
EC No. 294-797-4
GC Profile (typical):
Benzyl acetate 12 to 20%
Phytol 12 to 18%
Benzyl benzoate 12 to 16%
Farnesol 5 to 10%
Linalool 2 to 7%
Methyl palmitate 2 to 5%
Jasmone 1 to 3%
Eugenol 1 to 2%
Benzyl alcohol 0 to 1%
Packed into containers of 500g, 1kg, 5kg and 25kg aluminium bottles.
This ingredient is produced in India, normally between May and July each year and in Egypt between August and September. These are the main harvest times (bold).
When stored in cool, dark conditions in full Aluminium containers Jasmine Grandiflorum can be kept and used for three or more years. There is a degradation with age, so Khush Ingredients tries to supply oils to customers within 18 months of production.
This substance is widely used as a perfume or aroma ingredient but must be used in advised levels. Extended Material Safety Data Sheet available on request.
Main Safety & Handling Statements:
H226: Flammable Liquid & Vapour
H302: Harmful if swallowed
H315: Causes skin irritation
H317: May cause an allergic skin reaction
H411: Toxic to aquatic with long lasting effects
P210: Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces – No smoking
P233: Keep container tightly closed
P240: Ground/bond container and receiving equipment
P241: Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/light/equipment
P242: Use only non-sparking tools
P243: Take precautionary measures against static discharge
P261: Avoid breathing vapour/spray
P264: Wash hands thoroughly after handling
P270: Do not eat drink/smoke when using this product
P273: Avoid release to the environment
P280: Wear protective gloves/clothing/eye-protection/face protection
P501: Dispose of contents/containers in accordance with local/national regulations