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INCI: Santalum album, Santalum spicatum, Santalum austrocalidonicum 

Disclaimer: The information provided by Khush Ingredients is a summary of information from producers.  All information is provided without warrant or liability.


Sandalwood oil is used as a base note in fragrances and has fixative properties for other essential oils, prolonging the life of a perfume. It is also frequently used in cosmetics and skin care products due to its soothing and emollient properties that have been recognised for centuries. All sandalwood trees come from the Santalum genus.

Khush Ingredients supply three different species of Santalum oil, however there are more than 15 different species worldwide and oils vary slightly from species to species. Santalum spicatum, Santalum album and Santalum austrocaledonicum are the three species supplied by Khush Ingredients.  

Santalum album: East Africa

Santalum album is classed as a vulnerable species due to its past success and overharvesting. It originates from India, however the Indian population is now so highly protected that trees are not felled for export. This oil is still highly valued and demanded and as so many tried to jump onto the demand for the oil and other products, Santalum album has been cultivated in many non-indigenous locations. One such location is East Africa whereby the species was introduced to the area by immigrants. The governments are now trying to re-introduce native species and so are felling non-native trees such as Santalum album. The trees are fully traceable and felled as part of this government initiative. They are wild harvested, and farmers are licensed to fell these trees by the government. We also offer Indonesian Santalum album, which has an intriguing smoky note, much loved by our customers. Finally, there is also opportunity to buy organic Santalum album from our producer in Sri Lanka.

Santalum spicatum: Australia

Our Santalum spicatum is sourced in Western Australia directly from farmers’ farms. The farmers are licensed by the Australian government to ensure sustainable management of the trees and for every tree that is felled, four saplings must be planted. All the trees coming from Western Australia are wild harvested. These trees are then transported to a central warehouse where they are put into containers and transported to Fremantle port. The trees are exported to the processing plant in Vietnam by ship. Once the trees arrive in Vietnam and are sorted for distillation, the only part of the tree not used in the distillation process is the bark. The biomass is processed and distilled over a period of 10 days continuously to obtain the final product. This is a manned 24-hour process. By exporting the trees to Vietnam for production, the product becomes more cost competitive. The quantity of trees felled is managed by Australia’s government and Department for Agriculture. For every tree that is felled, the farmer must plant four saplings.

Santalum austrocalidonicum: Vanuatu

These trees are bought directly from Natives in the South Pacific by our supplier. Similarly, to the Spicatum trees, the government issues limited licensed to farmers, allowing them to harvest regulated numbers of trees. This ensures that sustainable levels are felled and replanted. The government issues limited licenses to farmers, and trees are bought through these licenses. This ensures sustainable levels are felled and replanted.


The main components of sandalwood oil are cis-α-santalol, cis-β-santalol and epi-β-santalol. These vary in levels in the different species but are the most prominent components. Two other key components are cis-nuciferol and cis-α-trans-bergamotol.

Appearance: Mobile Liquid

Colour: Pale yellow to orange

Odour: Fresh with wood notes

Relative Density at 20°C:

Refractive Index at 20°C: 1.500 to 1.517

Optical Rotation at 20°C:


Santalum spicatum

CAS No. 8024-35-9 / 92875-02-0

EC No. 296-618-5  

Santalum album

CAS No. 84787-70-2 / 8006-87-9

EC No. 284-111-1

Main Safety & Handling Statements:

H315: Causes skin irritation

H319: Causes serious eye irritation

H411: Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects

P273: Avoid release to the environment

P280: Wear protective gloves/clothing/eye-protection/face protection 

P308+P311: IF exposed or concerned: Call a POISON CENTRE/doctor/…

P331: DO NOT induce vomiting

P362+P364: Take off contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse.

P370+P378: In case of fire, use dry sand, dry chemical or alcohol-resistant foam to extinguish

P210: Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources. No smoking.

P233: Keep container tightly closed

P501: Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national /international regulations. Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify whether disposal requirements apply to contents, container or both.